Yesterday, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office. See also PTO.) issued a Federal Register notice on A generalized term referring to patents whose subject matter extends to computer-implemented code, which have been the subject of great controversy, including but not limited to how they interact with open source software. Although software patents are often denigrated, there is no accepted definition. However, there are a variety of methods for identifying software patents for empirical analysis. See Bessen, A issues, announcing several roundtables and a written comment period. The roundtables will be held February 12, 2013 in Silicon Valley, and February 27, 2013 in New York City, and they will be webcast. To speak at the roundtables, participants must register by February 4, 2013. Written comments are due March 15, 2013.
The first sentence of the summary indicates that the United States Patent and Trademark Office. See also PTO. wants to work with the software community, which is encouraging: “The United States Patent and Trademark Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office. See also PTO.) seeks to form a partnership with the software community to enhance the quality of software-related patents (Software Partnership).”
Another paragraph recognizes the inherent challenges of software patents:
Software-related patents pose unique challenges from both an examination and an enforcement perspective. One of the most significant issues with software inventions is identifying the scope of coverage of the patent claims, which define the boundaries of the patent property right. Software by its nature is operation-based and is typically embodied in the form of rules, operations, algorithms or the like. Unlike hardware inventions, the elements of software are often defined using functional language. While it is permissible to use functional language in patent claims, the boundaries of the functional claim element must be discernible. Without clear boundaries, patent examiners cannot effectively ensure that the claims define over the Prior art is the knowledge in the field of a patent that was publicly available before the patent was filed., and the public is not adequately notified of the scope of the patent rights.
This particular notice is focused on several topics—Topic 1: Establishing Clear Boundaries for Claims That Use Functional Language; Topic 2: Future Discussion Topics for the Software Partnership; Topic 3: Oral Presentations on Preparation of Patent Applications—but they also added that people are invited to also “identify future topics for discussion” in their comments. The notice says that this information will be used to help train patent examiners, which will be a key way to fix the system, because many problems stem from examiners granting broad patents due to not having enough resources or adequate Prior art is the knowledge in the field of a patent that was publicly available before the patent was filed.. These patents then can be acquired by patent trolls, and used anticompetitively as weapons in the courts.
While the notice did not fully recognize the flaws in the patent system — recall United States Patent and Trademark Office. See also PTO. Director David Kappos’ speech in support of software patents last month — it does address the public commentary and stakeholder feedback about quality of patents, specifically those that are software-related, and “insight based on court cases in which software-related patents have been the subject of litigation.” (For more on these cases, check out our Document Center.)
We look forward to the opportunity to voice our concerns with the systemic problems of software patents. We will do a broader post on this in the future with our recommendations.