Smartphone War: What Is It Good For?

The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) has noticed something about the ongoing patent war in the smartphone industry: it’s not accomplishing much of anything.

Philip Elmer-DeWitt took the WSJ to task for missing the important distinction between Standards Essential Patents (SEPs) and other patents.

But I think there’s still another point that the WSJ and Mr. Elmer-DeWitt missed: the patents at issue in the Apple v. Samsung case demonstrate that patents are not motivating innovation in the smartphone industry.  Rather, the opposite is true.

Promoting the useful arts, that is, “innovation,” is the reason for the patent system. Without a strong patent system, we’re told, we won’t be incentivizing innovation. We won’t have the benefits of the sharpest minds and the most dynamic companies, who simply won’t want to risk innovating without patent protection.

The Smartphone Wars should make everyone question whether patents are really serving their intended purpose.

Did Apple need its patents as an incentive to create the iPhone? The iPhone was announced on January 9, 2007. For all of the patents Apple asserted at trial against Samsung in the U.S., here are the issue dates:

Patent number

Title

Earliest filing date

Issue date

D504,889

Electronic device

Mar. 17, 2004

May 10, 2005

7,469,381

List scrolling and document translation, scaling, and rotation on a touch-screen display

Jan. 7, 2007

Dec. 23, 2008

D593,087

Electronic device

Jan. 5, 2007

May 26, 2009

D604,305

Graphical User Interface for a Display Screen or Portion Thereof

June 23, 2007

Nov. 17, 2009

D618,677

Electronic device

Jan. 5, 2007

June 29, 2010

7,844,915

Application programming interfaces for scrolling operations

Jan. 7, 2007

Nov. 30, 2010

7,864,163

Portable electronic device, method, and graphical user interface for displaying structured electronic documents

Sept. 6, 2006

Jan. 4, 2011

With one exception, not one of these patents was even filed until the iPhone was essentially done. And, with the same exception, none issued until the iPhone had been on the market for some time. Oh, and that older patent, D504,889, was one that the jury found that Samsung did not infringe. 

In fact, Apple launched the second version of the iPhone, the iPhone 3G, on June 9, 2008, the iPhone 3GS on June 8, 2009, and the iPhone 4 on June 7, 2010. So the iPhone 3G was launched before Apple received all but one of patents it asserted at trial against Samsung, the iPhone 3GS was launched before Apple received four of the seven patents, and even the iPhone 4 was launched before Apple received the last three patents.


Where is the incentive here? Apple launched the iPhone and subsequent versions without knowing if it would receive any of these patents. Clearly, Apple was going to launch the iPhone, and keep improving it, with or without the patents.

It’s also interesting to note that Apple’s design patent filings went up just after the iPhone came out, not before:



If patents were a driving force, one would expect that Apple would have delayed its product launches until it secured patent protection. Instead, Apple went ahead anyway. (The New York Times did a story this past fall on Apple’s patent strategy, which also supports the argument that Apple’s creativity was not motivated by the patent system.)

To be sure, Apple used the patents it eventually got as a tool to try to protect its competitive position, but it’s hard to argue that Apple would have done anything differently with respect to its product line without those patents.

So tell me how exactly Apple was motivated by patents to create the iPhone?

  • Unfortunately, have to disagree with the logic here. Apple has likely learned from experience that it will eventually get some claims issued from almost every application (owners know they will get claims issued; especially high-volume filers). Its just fine if the patent issues a year or two after product launch as you are going after copy-cats which necessarily follow the launch. Ideally the patent is issued closer to launch but often the patent is drafted after prototype to capture the actual technology so filing and launch often occur together. And the rate at which Apple files patents suggest strongly that it believes patents will protect its innovations. I am no fan of troll litigation and work hard to combat same but arguing there is no link between patents and protecting innovation is, IMHO, the wrong strategy (and inaccurate).

  • PS., this study supports your position, contra mine. http://pascal.iseg.utl.pt/~depeco/wp/wp092013.pdf